Building and construction are two synonymous words that are used interchangeably in both the professional field plus by normal people. The building and construction industry is among the oldest in all sectors since it’s only normal that people have always come up with technology that could aid them in developing living spaces. It is in this field that you’ll find a good list of vocabulary. Unlike other sectors that might have thrived primarily in one area, building was happening simultaneously everywhere with each locale adopting their vocabulary depending on their building methods plus workflows together with the matrix of linguistics. That is why there are variations in different words that may have a similar meaning or totally different interpretation in special contexts.
The 21st century is however the age of information, with the world being described as a global village. With professionals collaborating from every corner and country, there has been a need to bring things to order by having a standard way of communication. This is helpful because you can now work seamlessly with experts who are not necessarily citizens of your locale. It’s the same reasoning behind the standardization of products to meet globally acceptable standards. Remember that these terms cannot be used in each other’s place, especially in a professional context where clarity is needed. Using each term will elicit a given meaning that is recognized professionally, and as an expert, you can’t afford the mistake of miscommunication especially in big serious projects.
Both words are derived from the concept of bringing up something into life. You’ll basically have smaller units that are initially not assembled. When these units are brought together and joined to become a single unit, it’ll be referred to as building or constructing. In such a context, building and construction can be used interchangeably to refer to the action of bringing many smaller units together as a single entity. When you get to an actual project site where everything is now tangible plus the language is based on metrics, you should use both terms cautiously to avoid confusion.
Traditionally, a building is a finished dwelling place that contains all the conditions required for a habitable space. It can be your home, workplace office, or a school premise where people can carry out their purposes comfortably. Construction will generally refer to the initial rudimentary stages of a building when it’s still not yet complete for habitation by the intended users. It’s safe to refer to the framework of a building that is not yet complete as a construction. The final product, which happens to be the proposed building, is yet to come up, though it is in its construction process. This might explain why most sites will be referred to as construction sites, especially during the initial stages. When the final product is up, it’s highly likely to be called a building site because that’s its final resting place.
Another way of distinguishing these two terms is that a building will be more specific to the living space frame while construction will be more generalized to the whole site. For instance, it may include site work plus landscaping aspects of a given project.